Salivary Tumor Treatment India

parotid tumors healoncocare


They are growth of abnormal cells within the salivary glands. We have 3 pairs of salivary glands behind and under our jaw- parotid, submandibular & sublingual. They can be either benign(non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). They are rare.

Types : Parotid Tumors

  • Submandibular tumors
  • Sublingual tumors

Risk factors associated with salivary gland tumors :

  • Tobacco- consumption of pan, pan masala, gutka, masheri, smoking of beedi, cigarettes is a leading cause
  • Prior history of radiation exposure
  • Environmental / occupational exposure to sawdust and chemicals used in leather, pesticide and industrial solvents
  • Sometimes oral cancer can spread to the submandibular or sublingual glands


  • Painless lump in the face,neck or mouth
  • Numbness in the face
  • Muscle weakness in one side of the face
  • Difficulty in chewing, speaking, swallowing or moving the tongue
  • Persistent pain in the area of salivary gland
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth
  • How do diagnose salivary gland tumors?

    • Physical examination by a trained oncologist is the first step
    • Ultrasound of the affected area with ultrasound guided FNAC or biopsy
    • CT or MRI scan also can be asked for in certain cases.

    Treatment for Salivary Gland Tumors:

    • Surgery is usually the recommended first line treatment for all salivary gland of tumors. It may include removal of affected portion of the gland/ complete removal of the gland with or without removal of lymph nodes in neck and reconstructive surgery
    • Robotic surgery can be done in selected cases
    • Radiation Therapy – in selected cases
    • Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy & Immunotherapy- in select cases

    Understanding these aspects of parotid tumors can help individuals recognize the importance of risk factors, early detection, and timely treatment. Regular check-ups and seeking medical attention for any suspicious symptoms can aid in effective management and improved outcomes.